Note that there is no single creator for Web3. It is developed as a collaboration between different individuals and institutions that depend on each other. But in general, it is the participants of smart contract platforms on blockchains such as Ethereum, EOS, and TRON who lead the way in building Web3.
Related Topics: What is Web3 Anyway?
It is important to note here that one of the most popular programming libraries used to write Ethereum code is called web3.js. There is also a foundation, the Web3 Foundation, which is run by the founders of the Polkadot Network.
Overall, Web3’s main goal is to try to solve Web2’s biggest problem: the collection of personal data by private networks that enable surveillance capitalism, a real market for future behavior.
And for this, Web3 mainly focuses on innovation to be a network of decentralized networks, not controlled by any single entity, formed by platforms that use consensus mechanisms that everyone can trust. In it, decentralized applications (DApps) will be built on top of open networks, no entity will be able to collect data without the user’s consent, nor restrict or censor anyone’s access. This means, as quoted from the Web3 Foundation’s website, that Web3 has a mission to create “a decentralized and fair Internet where users control their data, identity, and destiny.”
The second focus of innovation promised by Web3 developers is that these decentralized networks will make it possible to transfer the value or “money” of the Internet directly between user accounts, without intermediaries. And these two features – decentralization and internet money – are still in their infancy, and are key to understanding Web3.
However, many critics have expressed concerns about existing Web3 such as its reliance on funding from venture capitalists like Andreessen Horowitz, which could jeopardize its main focus on innovation – providing the user with a truly decentralized network.
Well, now that everyone is on the same page, let’s clear what has definitely become a question for many after Jack Dorsey said that Bitcoin-powered “Web 5” will replace Web3.
Related Topics: Polkadot vs. Ethereum: Two Equal Chances to Dominate the Web3 World
After Web3 – the term includes all the blockchain and decentralized technologies being built around the world – the next stage of the web is actually not a new version but an alternative version of what we already have (Web2) or are already building (Web3).
Web4, also known as “Mobile Web”, is one that contains the infrastructure needed to adapt to the mobile environment. Imagine a web that connects all mobile devices in the real and virtual world in real time.
Well, Web4 enables navigation and voice interaction between the user and the bots. If in previous websites the focus was on the user’s interaction with the Internet by being in front of the desktop and in front of the computer, then Web4’s focus is on enabling the user to use and distribute information regardless of location via mobile devices.
Therefore, Web4 changes the relationship between humans and robots, which will have a symbiotic interaction. In this fourth phase of the web, humans will have continuous access to robots, and daily life will become increasingly dependent on machines.
Web5 or the Emotional Web
Although many only first heard of Web5 when the headlines reported Jack Dorsey’s statement, the truth is that the term isn’t new.
To get an idea, Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the web, gave a TED Talks lecture in 2009 in which he actually talked about Web5: “The Open, Connected, and Intelligent Web,” which he called the Emotional Web.
According to the web designer himself, Web5 will be the emotional web. In fact, the true form of Web5 is still in the making, and according to the signs we have so far, this network also known as the collaborative web will be an interconnected network that communicates with us as we communicate with each other (like a personal assistant).
This network will be very powerful and will operate entirely on the (emotional) interaction between humans and computers. Interacting will become a daily habit for many people based on neurotechnology. It should be noted here that despite the capitalism of monitoring, Web2 “itself” is currently “emotionally neutral”, which means that it is not aware of users’ feelings and emotions. Now, with Web5 proposing to be an emotional network, this may change in the future. One example is WeFeelFine, an organization that maps people’s emotions through headphones.
Along these lines, in Tim Berners-Lee’s Web5, users will interact with content that reacts to their emotions or facial recognition changes. In this context, “Web5,” proclaimed by Jack Dorsey, appears to have nothing to do with the emotional or symbolic web that Tim Berners-Lee envisioned in 2009.
Related: An open call for women to join the Web3 movement